Saturday, July 28, 2007

Events of the Polish-Swedish War of 1600-1629

The battle of Mewe (22 September and 29 September-1 October 1626) was a lengthy battle that came late in the Polish-Swedish War of 1600-1629.
The battle of Dirschau (or Tczew), 17-18 August 1627, was a minor Swedish victory during the Polish-Swedish War of 1600-1629.
The battle of Honigfelde, 27 June 1629, (also known as Trzciana or Sztum) was the last significant battle of the Polish-Swedish War of 1600-1629.
The Truce of Altmark (12 September 1629) ended the Polish-Swedish War of 1600-1629.

Polish-Ottoman War of 1620-21

The Polish-Ottoman War of 1620-21 was the first conflict between Poland-Lithuania and the Ottoman Empire for ninety years.

Noor Inayat Khan

Noor Inayat Khan was one of the most famous SOE agents of the Second World War

Friday, July 27, 2007


The Caracole was a cavalry manoeuvre developed during the sixteenth century in an attempt to allow cavalry to use gunpowder weapons.

Thirteen Years War (1654-67)

The Thirteen Years War (1654-67) was one of a series of wars that engulfed Poland-Lithuania in the middle of the seventeenth century.
The Siege of Smolensk, July-3 October 1654, saw Muscovy recapture Smolensk, lost to Poland-Lithuania in 1611
The treaty of Wilno (or Nimieza) ended the first period of fighting between Poland and Russia in the Thirteen Years War (1654-1667)
The Battle of Polonka, 27 June 1660, saw a Polish-Lithuanian army defeat a Muscovite army in Lithuania.
26 July
The Truce of Andrusovo ended the Thirteen Years War (1654-67) between Muscovy and Poland-Lithuania.

Thursday, July 26, 2007

Smolensk War (1632-1634)

The Smolensk War (1632-1634) saw Russia attempt to reconquer lands lost to Poland-Lithuania in the truce of Deuline (1619)
The siege of Smolensk was the main action of the Smolensk War (1632-34) between Russian and Poland-Lithuania.
The Eternal Peace of Polianovka ended the Smolensk War between Russia and Poland-Lithuania.

Livonian War (1558-1583)

The Livonian War (1558-1583) was a twenty five year long struggle for control of Livonia (modern Estonia and Latvia)
The siege of Pskov of 1581-82 forced Ivan IV to concede defeat against Poland-Lithuania in the Livonian War
Peace of Iam Zapolskii, 15 January 1582: Peace treaty that ended fighting in the Livonian War between the Russia of Ivan IV and Poland-Lithuania

Nordic Seven Years War (1563-1570)

The Nordic Seven Years War (1563-1570) was one of a series of conflicts between Sweden and Denmark-Norway that followed the collapse of the Union of Kalmar
The Siege of Älvsborg was the first fighting in the Nordic Seven Years War (1563-1570) between Sweden and Denmark-Norway.
The battle of Mared was one of only two significant land battles during the Nordic Seven Years War (1563-1570) between Sweden and Denmark
The Peace of Stettin ended the Nordic Seven Years War between Sweden and Denmark (1563-1570), and also ended hostilities between Sweden and Poland-Lithuania (Livonian War)

Swedish Civil War of 1597-98

The Swedish Civil War of 1597-98 was the result of an attempt to secure the alliance between Poland-Lithuania and Sweden

Kalmar War

The Kalmar War (1611-1613) was one of a series of wars between Sweden and Denmark. It was caused by rivalry between the two powers in the Baltic and by Swedish efforts to gain control of Finnmark, the area to the north of Lapland
The battle of Stångebro was the decisive encounter of the Swedish Civil War of 1597-1598 between Sigismund III, king of Poland-Lithuania and Sweden and his uncle Charles, duke of Södermanland
Peace of Knarod, January 1613: Peace treaty that ended the Kalmar War (1611-1613) between Denmark and Sweden

Scanian War

The Scanian War (1675-1679) is generally taken to mark the beginning of the decline of Sweden as a Great Power.
The battle of Fehrbellin saw Frederic William, elector of Brandenburg and duke of Prussia defeat a Swedish army under Karl Gustav Wrangel that had invaded Brandenburg late in 1674
The Battle of Lund took place during the Danish invasion of Scania and saw Charles XI of Sweden inflict a bloody defeat on the Danish army, preventing them from easily recapturing the Danish provinces lost in 1660 and 1645
The Peace of St. Germain (29 June 1679) ended fighting in the Scanian War between Sweden and Frederick William, elector of Brandenburg

Thursday, July 05, 2007

Diadochi Wars, 323-280 BC

We start today with an overview of the Diadochi Wars, 323-280 BC, the conflicts between the successors to Alexander the Great.

Third Diadoch War

The Third Diadoch War saw the struggle between the successors of Alexander the Great become a struggle to prevent Antigonus Monophthalmus from reuniting Alexander’s empire.

Babylonian War (311-308 BC?)

The Babylonian War (311-308 BC?) saw Seleucus fight off an attempt by Antigonus to expel him from Babylonia
The Fourth Diadoch War (307-301) saw the final defeat of Antigonus I

Ptolemy I Soter

Ptolemy I Soter was perhaps the most successful of the successors to Alexander the Great, founding a dynasty that ruled Egypt for nearly 300 years


Leosthenes was perhaps the last famous general to be produced by ancient Athens, commanding the Greek forces during the Lamian War that broke out after the death of Alexander the Great

Wednesday, July 04, 2007


Lysimachus was a Macedonian companion of Alexander the Great who rose to power late in life, ending his career as king of Macedonia

Demetrius I Poliorcetes

Demetrius I Poliorcetes was one of the great generals of the Hellenistic era. He was the son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus, serving his father as a general and deputy.

Cassander, son of Antipater

Cassander, son of Antipater, was a minor figure during the reign of Alexander the Great, but after the death of his father rose to be ruler and then king of Macedonia.

Tuesday, July 03, 2007


Antipater was a senior Macedonian general under both Philip II and Alexander the Great. He outlived Alexander, and played an important role in holding his empire together until his death of natural causes in 319 BC.

Antigonus I Monophthalmus

Antigonus I Monophthalmus (one-eyed) was one of Alexander the Great’s most important generals, and one of the most able of his successors. He came closer than any of his colleagues to reuniting Alexander’s empire during wars of the Diadochi (successors), eventually falling to a coalition that saw most of his fellow successors unite against him.

Eumenes of Cardia

Eumenes of Cardia was a Greek who served both Philip II and Alexander the Great as secretary and archivist. In 330 he became Alexander’s principal secretary and keeper of the Royal Journal. As such he was one of Alexander’s closest associates, but his main claim to fame was his career after the death of Alexander.


Biography of Craterus, one of Alexander the Great's generals but an early casualty in the war between the successors


Biography of Perdiccas, one of Alexander the Great's senior generals and regent of the empire after his death