Friday, November 30, 2012

X/ XS Aircraft designations

The XS designation was used from 1946 to 1948 for experimental supersonic aircraft. In 1948 the letter changed to X for special test, and the existing XS craft became X craft.

1920-24 USAAS aircraft designation system

The short-lived 1920-24 USAAS aircraft designation system used one or two letter type designations, originally matched to a Type Number.

USAAC/ USAAF/ USAF aircraft designation systems

The US Air Force and its predecessors have used a series of designation systems to identify their aircraft, starting by using the manufacturer's own codes then adopting a system of type numbers and two letter codes in 1919-20. This was replaced by the more familiar basic mission system in 1924, with single letters for most aircraft types. This remained in use (with variants) until 1962, when it became the basis of the current Tri-service aircraft designation system.

Tuesday, November 27, 2012

452nd Bombardment Group

The 452nd Bombardment Group was a B-17 group that fought with the Eighth Air Force from February 1944 until the end of the Second World War.

401st Bombardment Group

The 401st Bombardment Group was a B-17 Flying Fortress group that fought with the Eighth Air Force from November 1943 until the end of the war in Europe.

Monday, November 26, 2012

Albatros W.8

The Albatros W.8 was a patrol floatplane that was designed in 1918 and of which two or possibly three were produced.

Albatros W.5

The Albatros W.5 was an improved version of the Albatros W.3 torpedo bomber, but only five were built and the type wasn't accepted by the German navy.

Albatros W.4

The Albatros W.4 was a floatplane fighter based on the Albatros D.I and designed to intercept British flying boats and sea planes that were attacking German air stations on the North Sea coast.

Friday, November 23, 2012

Albatros W.3

The Albatros W.3 was a prototype for the Albatros W.5 torpedo bomber, and was largely based on the Albatros G.II bomber.

Albatros W.2

The Albatros W.2 was a floatplane version of the Albatros C.III, the most numerous entry in Albatros' series of armed two-seater scouts, but only a single prototype was built

Albatros W.1/ B.II-W

The Albatros W.1/ B.II-W was a floatplane version of the Albatros B.II, the most important of the company's unarmed two-man scouts.

Thursday, November 22, 2012

390th Bombardment Group

The 390th Bombardment Group was a B-17 Flying Fortress group that entered service just in time to take part in the raid on Regensburg on 17 August 1943 and that served with the Eighth Air Force for the rest of the Second World War

384th Bombardment Group

The 384th Bombardment Group was a B-17 Flying Fortress group that fought with the Eighth Air Force from June 1943 until the end of the war in Europe.

Wednesday, November 21, 2012

Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, Steve Backer.

Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, Steve Backer.

A modelmaker's guide to the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, including a brief history of the ships, reviews of the best models and accessories, a showcase of some very impressive models, some useful plans of the two ships and an examination of the various camouflage schemes used and changes to the ship's appearances.
[read full review]

Nelson to Vanguard, Warship Design and Development 1923-1945, David K Brown.

Nelson to Vanguard, Warship Design and Development 1923-1945, David K Brown.

A study of the design of British warships during the period of the Naval Treaties and the Second World War, written by a post-war Deputy Chief Naval Architect. A fascinating and invaluable book that greatly benefits from the expert knowledge of the author.
[read full review]

Battleground Gallipoli: Suvla August Offensive, Stephen Chambers.

Battleground Gallipoli: Suvla August Offensive, Stephen Chambers.

A detailed history of the disastrous British landing at Sulva Bay in August 1915, an offensive that showed the British high command at almost its worst. Ends with three day-long walks around the battlefield area. All well supported by eyewitness accounts and contemporary photographs.
[read full review]

Tuesday, November 20, 2012

Albatros J.II

The Albatros J.II was an improved version of the Albatros J.I ground attack aircraft.

Albatros J.I

The Albatros J.I was a ground attack aircraft somewhat inspired by the A.E.G. J.I but using the wings from the Albatros C.XII and constructed using the typical Albatros methods.

Monday, November 19, 2012

Siege of Kamakura (30 June-4 July 1333)

The siege of Kamakura (30 June-4 July 1333) was the final major battle of the Genko War (1331-33) and saw the army of Nitta Yoshisada capture the capital of the Kamakura Shogunate after a five-day long battle.

Battle of Bubaigawara (27-28 June 1333)

The two-day long battle of Bubaigawara (27-28 June 1333) saw the defenders of Kamakura miss an opportunity to defeat the pro-Imperial army of Nitta Yoshisada, thus ensuring that the fighting would move to the Shogunate's capital at Kamakura

Saturday, November 17, 2012

Peterborough Military History Fair

A bit of a change for us as we use the blog to plug someone else's activity - in this case the Peterborough Military History Fair, which will be held on 24-25 November from 10am to 4pm with free entry at Peterborough Museum
'Don’t miss your chance to see military history brought to life with costumed re-enactors, including Roman soldiers, Viking warriors, and soldiers from the Middle Ages. Visitors will have the chance to handle replica weapons and armour, plus there will be displays of militaria, wargames and military modelling – including rarely displayed items from the Museum’s own collections.'

Friday, November 16, 2012

Battle of Kumegawa (24 June 1333)

The battle of Kumegawa (24 June 1333) was the second of two battles in two days in the campaign that led to the capture of Kamakura and the fall of the Kamakura Shogunate (Genko War, 1331-33), and was won by the pro-Imperial forces of Nitta Yoshisada.

Battle of Kotesashi (23 June 1333)

The battle of Kotesashi (23 June 1333) was the first battle in the campaign that led to the capture of Kamakura and the final fall of the Kamakura Shogunate (Genko War, 1331-33). It was an inconclusive battle, and the fighting resuming on the following day.

Thursday, November 15, 2012

Albatros C.XV

The Albatros C.XV was the last in the series of Albatros two-seat scouts, but although it entered production it arrived too late to see active service.

Albatros C.XIV

The Albatros C.XIV was smaller than previous Albatros two-seat scouts and became the prototype for the Albatros C.XV, which was ordered into full scale production.

Albatros C.XIII

The Albatros C.XIII was a close support aircraft developed from the D.Va fighter. It was basically a two-seat version of that aircraft, but with a 3ft wider wing span and a slight increase in length.

Wednesday, November 14, 2012

Battle of Rokuhara (20 June 1333)

The battle of Rokuhara (20 June 1333) was one of the decisive battles of the Genko War, and saw the Shogunate general Ashikaga Takauji turn on his former allies, side with the Emperor Go-Daigo and drive the forces of the Shogunate out of their headquarters in Rokuhara.

Battle of Koganawate (10 June 1333)

The battle of Koganawate (10 June 1333) was notable for the death of Nagoya Takaie, one leader of a Shogunate army that had been sent to Kyoto to secure control of the area around the Imperial capital and attack the Emperor Go-Daigo's new court at Funanoe.

Tuesday, November 13, 2012

42nd Bombardment Group

The 42nd Bombardment Group was a B-25 Mitchell group of the Thirteenth Air Force that operated in the Solomons, New Guinea, Borneo, the Philippines, off the coast of China and over French Indochina.

2nd Bombardment Group

The 2nd Bombardment Group was a B-17 bomber group that operated with the Twelfth and Fifteenth Air Force, taking part in the invasion of Sicily, the campaign in Italy and the strategic bombing campaign across Europe.

Monday, November 12, 2012

Walking the Somme (Second Edition), Paul Reed.

Walking the Somme (Second Edition), Paul Reed.

Sixteen walks on the Somme battlefield, each with a discussion of the historical significance of the area, supported by a good selection of contemporary and modern photographs, useful sketch maps and contemporary trench maps. Produced twenty years after the first edition, the author's knowledge of the battlefield shines through.
[read full review]

Wake Island 1941, Jim Moran.

Wake Island 1941, Jim Moran.

A well-illustrated look at the Japanese siege of Wake Island in 1941, which involved two amphibious assaults and repeated aerial assaults, and saw the only unsuccessful amphibious invasion of the Second World War when the first Japanese attack on the island was defeated. Well supported by some excellent maps, and with a clear, well written text.
[read full review]

Iowa Class Battleships, Lester Abbey.

Iowa Class Battleships, Lester Abbey.

A modeller's guide to the four ships of the Iowa class, the best American battleships and the longest serving capital ships of the modern era. Includes a history of the ships and their designs, a section of model reviews, a modellers showcase showing some very impressive models, and a section on the changing appearance of these ships over time.
[read full review]

Friday, November 09, 2012

Albatros C.XII

The Albatros C.XII saw the first major change in the configuration of the Albatros two-seater scouts and combined features from the previous C.XII and their later D-class single seat fighters, in particular the D.V.

Albatros C.X

The Albatros C.X was the last in the series of two-seat Albatros scouts to use the basic configuration inherited from the unarmed B-class scouts, but had a more powerful engine and was a significantly larger aircraft than earlier Albatros C-class scouts.

Albatros C.IX

The Albatros C.IX was a design for a close support aircraft of which only three were built.

Thursday, November 08, 2012

Battle of Funanoe (13 May 1333)

The battle of Funanoe (13 May 1333) was an unsuccessful attempt by the exiled emperor Go-Daigo's jailor to recapture the emperor after he had escaped from exile on Oki, an island to the north-west of Honshu.

Battle of the Third Day of the Fourth Month (17 May 1333)

The battle of the Third Day of the Fourth Month (17 May 1333) was a second failed attempt to take Kyoto made by the pro-Imperial leader Akamatsu Norimura.

Tuesday, November 06, 2012

Battle of Yamazaki (29 April 1333)

The battle of Yamazaki (29 April 1333) saw a force from the Rokuhara garrison of Kyoto fail to drive away a pro-Imperial army under Akamatsu Norimura that was threatening to cut off supplies to the city.

Battle of the Twelfth Day of the Third Month (26 April 1333)

The battle of the Twelfth Day of the Third Month (26 April 1333) was an unsuccessful attempt by the pro-Imperial Akamatsu Norimura to try and defeat the Shogunate's garrison in Kyoto

Monday, November 05, 2012

93rd Bombardment Wing

The 93rd Bombardment Wing was a heavy bomber wing within the Eighth Unit that entered combat just before D-Day and supported the Allied invasion before taking part in the strategic bombing campaign for the rest of the war.

20th Bombardment Wing

The 20th Bombardment Wing was a B-24 Liberator Wing of the Eighth Air Force which took part in the strategic bombing campaign from December 1943 until April 1945.

Friday, November 02, 2012

Albatros C.VIII N

The Albatros C.VIII N was a night bomber developed in 1917 but that never entered service.

Albatros C.VII

The Albatros C.VII was similar to the C.V, but was powered by a Benz engine that was produced in much larger numbers than the interim Mercedes engine used on the C.V.

Thursday, November 01, 2012

The World at War, Taylor Downing.

The World at War, Taylor Downing.

Looks at the making of the excellent ITV documentary series the World at War, examining the environment at ITV that allowed such an ambitious series to be made, the background of the team behind the series, the historical approach and use of sources and the decisions that went into the making of each of the twenty six episodes.
[read full review]

Borodino 1812, Napoleon's Great Gamble, Philip Haythornthwaite.

Borodino 1812, Napoleon's Great Gamble, Philip Haythornthwaite.

 Two thirds a history of the 1812 campaign and one third an account of the battle of Borodino itself, this is a successful shorter history of Napoleon's doomed invasion of Russia. Gives a clearer view of a battle than is sometimes the case in longer works
[read full review]

He Who Dared and Died: The Life and Death of an SAS Original, Sergeant Chris O'Dowd MM, GearĂ³id O'Dowd.

He Who Dared and Died: The Life and Death of an SAS Original, Sergeant Chris O'Dowd MM, GearĂ³id O'Dowd.

The story of an Irish volunteer in the British Army who became an early member of the SAS and fought with them in North Africa and on Sicily before being killed during the invasion of Italy.
[read full review]