Medieval Warfare Vol IV Issue 6: The Lombard Invasions: The Loss of Byzantine Italy .
Focuses on the Lombard invasion of Italy and the various failed
Byzantine attempts to regain control of the country. Although earlier
waves of invaders had been responsible for the collapse of the Western
Empire, it was the Lombards who made that loss permanent, defeating a
series of Byzantine expeditions to Italy and slowly capturing most of
the remaining Byzantine positions across northern Italy..